Mining and Minerals Engineering

CSM3372 - Energy Generation from Biomass (2012)

Back | Download as PDF
MODULE TITLEEnergy Generation from Biomass CREDIT VALUE10
MODULE CODECSM3372 MODULE CONVENERMr. Martyn Haywood (Coordinator)
DURATION: TERM 1 2 3
DURATION: WEEKS 2
Number of Students Taking Module (anticipated) 29
DESCRIPTION - summary of the module content

The module will cover all aspects of renewable energy generation from biomass and waste materials –with the emphasis on electricity production. Teaching will be provided by UoE staff and guest lecturers from by industry and research.

The module includes a field trip to one of the energy from waste related sites in the locality of the Tremough campus.

Students taking this module will gain an all-round understanding of a complex and expanding area of sustainable energy development including knowledge of commercial operations and project development in this field.

This module is suitable for 3rd year BSc/MEng students in renewable energy and associated areas of study e.g. sustainable development, waste management.

The module is not recommended for non-specialist students.

AIMS - intentions of the module

An advanced course covering aspects of biomass energy systems including: resource estimation and growth cycles, power conversion, deployment, fuel supply chains and contracts, emissions control, economics and environmental impact.

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES (ILOs) (see assessment section below for how ILOs will be assessed)

ILOs in this module are indicative of development of knowledge and understanding of the science underpinning resource estimation, the professional practice of project development and the design process for renewable energy projects, to a professional level

On successful completion of this module candidates should be able to demonstrate:

Module Specific Skills and Knowledge

1. that they have acquired comprehensive knowledge and understanding of the design and project development process for biomass or waste to energy projects
2. that they have understanding of the particular characteristics of a range of biomass and waste fuel feed stocks and their specific requirements such as land consumption, fuel processing and preparation, fuel quality, and environmental impacts
3. understanding of the practical and economic issues relating to biomass fuel supply chains and waste arising such that these are taken into consideration in determining biomass potential
4. that they have knowledge of, and can appraise new and/or abstract biomass or waste resources for energy production
5. that they have acquired sufficient knowledge and understanding of engineering components and materials such that they can select appropriate combustion and power production plant, and balance-of-plant items, such that the efficiency of primary energy utilised is maximised, subject to constraints on cost and emissions
6. that they have acquired comprehensive knowledge of the planning and permitting process for biomass and waste to energy developments (including IPPC), and have developed critical understanding of the successes and failures of the UK system
7. that they have acquired coherent and detailed understanding of operational practice for biomass and waste systems, and awareness of regulations and codes of practice relating to hazards and operational safety
8. comprehension of  the barriers to the use of bioenergy, biofuels and waste feedstocks for power generation and to understand the policy mechanisms that have supported their increased use

Discipline Specific Skills and Knowledge

9. capability to produce solutions to problems by applying their technical and economic understanding while being aware of the limitations of technologies and methodology arising from uncertainty, or ambiguous or conflicting sources
10. capability to evaluate technical and commercial risk
11. ability to apply mathematical or scientific methods and techniques to account for industrial or commercial constraints in problem solving

Personal and Key Transferable / Employment Skills and Knowledge

12. autonomy in using and managing resources that support the syllabus plan and can reflect on the efficiency of use of these resources
13. that they can present deliverables to a deadline
14. their awareness of professional codes of conduct and standards and can incorporate an ethical dimension and/or exercise personal judgment into/on their work

 

SYLLABUS PLAN - summary of the structure and academic content of the module

Basic plant physiology of biofuel crops. Carbon sequestration/carbon balance with soils and plants. Biofuels crops and applications I: Cereal crops & Oil seed crops. Biofuels crops and applications II: Short rotation coppicing of willow. Biofuel crops and applications III: Miscanthus. Energy & water saving and carbon efficiency. Biodiesel production process: Life cycle analysis and carbon balance. Bioethanol production process. Biomass project development procedure. Basic plant layout and infrastructure requirements. Permitting - IPPC, Planning permission. Applicable legislation. National Grid / heat main connections. Fuel selection & fuel handling: Poultry litter, Woodchip / Horsebedding, Bone residue, Refuse derived fuel. Combustion technology: Boiler systems & steam turbines, Pyrolysis & Gasification, Gas engines, Gas turbines. Ash handling. Co-products. Emissions metering and control. Negotiation of disposal contracts. Power purchase agreements. Field Class: Example 1: United Downs Landfill: Landfill gas drilling & completion, gas production sequencing and control, gas engine performance, emissions monitoring and control. Field Class: Example 2: Holsworthy Biomass Plant: Anaerobic digestion process, feed stocks, by-products, economics, odour control, emissions monitoring. Field Class: Example 3: Ginsters food products. Energy from waste plant – permitting, construction, feedstocks – handling, classification etc.

LEARNING AND TEACHING
LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND TEACHING METHODS (given in hours of study time)
Scheduled Learning & Teaching Activities 27.00 Guided Independent Study 73.00 Placement / Study Abroad
DETAILS OF LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND TEACHING METHODS
Category Hours of study time Description
Scheduled learning & teaching activities 27 lectures, tutorials and field classes
Guided independent study 73 Private study
     

 

ASSESSMENT
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT - for feedback and development purposes; does not count towards module grade
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT (% of credit)
Coursework 100 Written Exams 0 Practical Exams
DETAILS OF SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT
Form of Assessment % of Credit Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) ILOs Assessed Feedback Method
Coursework 100   All Written
         
         
         
         

 

DETAILS OF RE-ASSESSMENT (where required by referral or deferral)
Original Form of Assessment Form of Re-assessment ILOs Re-assessed Time Scale for Re-reassessment
Summative assessment Additional assessment As above August Ref/Def period
       
       

 

RE-ASSESSMENT NOTES

As above 1 piece of CW 100%

RESOURCES
INDICATIVE LEARNING RESOURCES - The following list is offered as an indication of the type & level of
information that you are expected to consult. Further guidance will be provided by the Module Convener

Basic reading:

Kartha, S., and Larson, E.D., 2005. Bioenergy Primer: modernised biomass energy for sustainable development. United Nations Development Programme, New York. ISBN: 9211261279. Shelf Number: 333.9539 KAR  Available at http://www.undp.org/energy/publications/2000/BioPrimer.pdf

ELE: CSM3372 ELE Page

 

Reading list for this module:

Type Author Title Edition Publisher Year ISBN Search
Set Boyle, G. Renewable Energy Oxford University Press 2012 0199261784 [Library]
Set Horne, Brian Power plants: Biofuels made simple, Centre for Alternative Technology 1996 1898049092 [Library]
Set Patterson,Walter C. Power from Plants: The Global Implications of New Technologies for Electricity from Biomass Earthscan, London 1994 1853832081 [Library]
Set Stevens, C.V., and Verhe, R. (eds) Renewable bioresources: scope and modification for non-food applications Chichester: J. Wiley 2004 0470854472 [Library]
Set Goodwin, R. W. Combustion ash/residue management: an engineering perspective Park Ridge [N.J.]: Noyes 1993 0815513283 [Library]
Set El Bassam, N. Energy Plant Species: Their Use and Impact on Environment and Development. James and James, London 1998 1873936753 [Library]
Set Grover, V., Grover, V.K., and Hogland, W. Recovering energy from waste: various aspects Enfield, NH : Science Publishers 2002 1578082005 [Library]
Set Klass, Donald L. Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels and Chemicals Academic Press, San Diego. 1998 0124109500 [Library]
CREDIT VALUE 10 ECTS VALUE 5
PRE-REQUISITE MODULES CSM2251, CSM2274
CO-REQUISITE MODULES
NQF LEVEL (FHEQ) 3 (NQF Level 6) AVAILABLE AS DISTANCE LEARNING No
ORIGIN DATE Monday 12 March 2012 LAST REVISION DATE Tuesday 21 July 2015
KEY WORDS SEARCH Energy, generation, bio-mass, waste, bio-fuels, landfill gas, anaerobiv, digestion, wood chip, straw, electricity