Mining and Minerals Engineering

CSM2318 - Applied Thermodynamics (2012)

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MODULE TITLEApplied Thermodynamics CREDIT VALUE15
MODULE CODECSM2318 MODULE CONVENERDr Abdessalem Bouferrouk (Coordinator)
DURATION: TERM 1 2 3
DURATION: WEEKS 16-26, 30
Number of Students Taking Module (anticipated) 40
DESCRIPTION - summary of the module content

The “Applied Thermodynamics” module blends the skills of physical understanding/intuition with some numerical work.  The concepts covered will be for the main part on thermodynamic cycles characteristic of many existing machinery (or thermal systems) where heat and work transfer (i.e. energy transfer) take place.  The student will develop the valuable skill of working out the efficiency of a given cycle from first principles.  This will give students an appreciation of how a thermal system should operate to maximize its efficiency and reduce energy losses and thus evaluate its economic viability. Such issues are relevant to Renewable Energy. Students will have the opportunity to experience a number of working cycles both in class and through 2 formal labs on heat transfer and refrigeration for which they will also have the opportunity to learn how to write a well structured scientific report.  The module should make a nice link with topics on energy management and energy storage. 

The main pre-requisite is CSM1257 (Thermodynamics) or any equivalent knowledge on the 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics and concepts of cycles.  This module is a typical advanced course on a mechanical engineering degree for second year students so students with prior mechanical engineering (or close) experience should be able to do it.  

AIMS - intentions of the module

This module builds on the material delivered in CSM1257 by looking at more advanced and practical examples. Historically, national and global development has progressed hand-in-hand with the evolving methods through which finite natural energy resources such as petroleum, natural gas and coal have been harnessed and distributed. Current trends now favour the exploitation of renewable (non-finite) energy as the prime source. However the basic science of the energy conversion machinery necessary is broadly unchanged. Using (converting) energy efficiently still remains the central issue; about which this module aims to instil deep quantitative knowledge and understanding. Applied thermodynamics is an essential area of study for those hoping to improve the effectiveness with which energy resources (finite and renewable) are used and also an essential tool for evaluating correctly the potential of new ideas for energy production and associated machinery. An important recent addition to the course is a detailed study of the heat transfer mechanisms and the calculation of heat transfer rates typical of the so many thermal based systems used daily. Throughout the course specific renewable energy application examples are presented and discussed showing the direct link between what is being taught and the rapid advancements in the renewable energy sector. Special emphasis will be placed on power cycles performance and design including those of gas turbines, steam plants, and internal combustion (reciprocating) engines. In addition, students will study at depth the design performance of steam turbines and nozzles. Further, important technologies like CHP and geothermal energy systems are touched upon in order that graduates are equipped with skills that will satisfy employers in conventional generation sector as well as the renewable energy generation sector.

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES (ILOs) (see assessment section below for how ILOs will be assessed)

On successful completion of this module you should be able to:

Module Specific Skills and Knowledge:

1.To gain knowledge and understanding of types of energy conversion plant and their mode(s) of operation.

2.To be able to apply thermodynamic principles to the quantitative analysis of a wide variety of contemporary and novel power plant.

3.To instill detailed knowledge and understanding of power (energy) conversion and transfer processes and associated machinery: conventional, novel and, in particular, those applied to renewable energy.

4.To have knowledge of measurement devices and procedures that enable the performance of energy conversion plant to be determined.

5.To be able to determine the efficiency of energy conversion processes through measurement and observation and to correctly assess engineering, or other, measures for energy conservation.

Discipline Specific Skills and Knowledge:

6.A firm understanding of the advantages and limitations of renewable and non-renewable energy sources and should be capable of making judgements on future energy scenarios on the basis of quantitative analysis of engineering proposals.

7.To develop skills in data acquisition (through use of equipment), interpretation (through calculation) and communication of results.

Personal and Key Transferable/ Employment Skills and  Knowledge:

8.Develops problem solving, independent study and learning skills and data handling and manipulation.

9.Select appropriate data and analysis methods for non-familiar problems.

10.To develop IT skills for problem solving using MS Excel and possible use of thermodynamics software.

SYLLABUS PLAN - summary of the structure and academic content of the module

The following sequence of 30 hours of lectures with integrated tutorials is distributed over a 10 week period such that there are 3 hourly sessions per week and occasional tutorials.

 

Review of thermodynamic principles (2 hours)

Heat pumps and refrigeration systems (with RE application example). (3 hours)

Heat transfer by conduction, convection, and radiation (with RE application example)   (6 hours)

Steam turbine cycles (with RE application example) (2 hours)

Gas turbines cycles (with RE application example) (2 hours)

Internal combustion engine cycles (with RE application example)  (3 hours)

Combined cycle gas turbines (2 hours)

Combined heat and power conversion plant (2 hour)

Nozzles (2 hours)

Steam turbines performance (2 hours)

Geothermal energy technology and its applications (with RE application example) (2 hours)

Fuel cells technology (2 hours)

Revision (2 hours)

 

A separate lab timetable is prepared for these two laboratory experiments such that students undertake them in groups of 5 (max 6).

 

Refrigeration laboratory (2.5 hours)

Heat transfer (forced convection in a pipe) laboratory (2.5 hours)

 

Occasional tutorial classes: (~ 8 hours in total)

LEARNING AND TEACHING
LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND TEACHING METHODS (given in hours of study time)
Scheduled Learning & Teaching Activities 40.00 Guided Independent Study 110.00 Placement / Study Abroad
DETAILS OF LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND TEACHING METHODS
Category Hours of study time Description
Scheduled learning & teaching activities 35 Lectures
Scheduled learning & teaching activities 5 Lab practicals
Guided independent study 110 Private study

 

ASSESSMENT
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT - for feedback and development purposes; does not count towards module grade
Form of Assessment Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) ILOs Assessed Feedback Method
Completion of signed off laboratory work book      
       
       
       
       

 

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT (% of credit)
Coursework 50 Written Exams 50 Practical Exams
DETAILS OF SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT
Form of Assessment % of Credit Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) ILOs Assessed Feedback Method
Examination 50 1.5 hours 2, 8, 9) Group email
Lab Refrigeration experiment 15 2.5 hours 1,2,4 Written
Laboratory forced convection in a pipe experiment 15 2.5 hours 1,2,4 Written

Synthesis statement

20 1000 words 6,7 Written
         

 

DETAILS OF RE-ASSESSMENT (where required by referral or deferral)
Original Form of Assessment Form of Re-assessment ILOs Re-assessed Time Scale for Re-reassessment
Summative assessment Additional assessment As above August Ref/Def period
Examination Additional examination As above August Ref/Def period
       

 

RE-ASSESSMENT NOTES

For students failing the module (i.e. an average < 40%), they will be required to retake both components of assessment with maximum mark awarded of 40%: 1 piece of CW (50%), Exam (50%).

For students with mitigating circumstances, the student will redo either/both assessment (as applicable) and will be marked as normal (i.e. as if it were their first exam or coursework).

As above 1 piece of CW 50% and/or 1 Exam 50%

RESOURCES
INDICATIVE LEARNING RESOURCES - The following list is offered as an indication of the type & level of
information that you are expected to consult. Further guidance will be provided by the Module Convener

ELE – College to provide hyperlink to appropriate pages

Reading list for this module:

Type Author Title Edition Publisher Year ISBN Search
Set Eastop, T.D. and McConkey, A. Applied Thermodynamics for Engineering Technologists 5th Longman 1993 0-582-09193-4 [Library]
Set Weson K.C Energy Conversion West Publishing 1992 0-314-93389-1 [Library]
Set Rogers, G. and Mayhew, Y Engineering thermodynamics, work and heat transfer 4th Longman 1992 0-582-04566-5 [Library]
Set Cengel Y.A. and Boles M.A. Thermodynamics - An Engineering Approach McGraw-Hill 2011 0-07-011927-9 [Library]
Set Marquand, C. and Croft, D. Thermofluids. An integrated approach to thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. Wiley 1994 0-471-094184 0 [Library]
Set Warn, J.R.W. Concise chemical thermodynamics Van Nostrand Reinhold 1976 0 442 30209 6 [Library]
Set Kuhn, A. (ed) Industrial Electrochemical Processes Elsevier 1971 0 444 40885-1 [Library]
CREDIT VALUE 15 ECTS VALUE 7.5
PRE-REQUISITE MODULES CSM1257
CO-REQUISITE MODULES
NQF LEVEL (FHEQ) 2 (NQF Level 5) AVAILABLE AS DISTANCE LEARNING No
ORIGIN DATE Monday 12 March 2012 LAST REVISION DATE Wednesday 17 October 2012
KEY WORDS SEARCH Applied Thermodynamics, Thermodynamic cycles, Thermal systems