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## MTH1001 - Mathematical Structures (2019)

MODULE TITLE | Mathematical Structures | CREDIT VALUE | 30 |
---|---|---|---|

MODULE CODE | MTH1001 | MODULE CONVENER | Prof Nigel Byott (Coordinator) |

DURATION: TERM | 1 | 2 | 3 |
---|---|---|---|

DURATION: WEEKS | 11 | 11 | 0 |

Number of Students Taking Module (anticipated) | 180 |
---|

A key aspect of mathematics is its ability to unify and generalise disparate situations exhibiting similar properties by developing the concepts and language to describe the common features abstractly and reason about them rigorously. In this module, you will be introduced to the language of sets and functions which underpins of all modern pure mathematics, and will learn how to use it to construct clear and logically correct mathematical proofs. You will use these methods to prove rigorous general results about the convergence of sequences and series, thereby justifying the techniques developed in MTH1002 and laying the foundations for a deeper study of Analysis in MTH2001. You will also learn the definitions and properties of abstract algebraic structures such as groups and vector spaces. These ideas will be developed further in MTH2002. The material in this module is fundamental to many other modules in the mathematics degree programmes. It underpins the topics you will see in more advanced modules in pure mathematics and enables a deeper understanding and rigorous justification of the mathematical tools you will meet in more applied mathematics modules and which are widely used in physics, economics, and many other disciplines.

The purpose of this module is to provide you with an introduction to axiomatic reasoning in mathematics, particularly in relation to the perspective adopted by modern algebra and analysis. The building blocks of mathematics will be developed, from sets and functions through to proving key properties of the standard number systems. We will introduce and explore the abstract definition of a group, and rigorously prove standard results in the theory of groups, before progressing to consider vector spaces, both in the abstract and with a specific focus on finite-dimensional vector spaces over the real and complex numbers. The ideas and techniques of this module are essential to the further development of these themes in the two second-year streams Analysis and Algebra, and subsequent pure mathematics modules in years 3 and 4.

On successful completion of this module, **you should be able to:**

**Module Specific Skills and Knowledge:**

1 read, write and evaluate expressions in formal logic relating to a wide variety of mathematical contexts;

2 use accurately the abstract language of sets, relations, functions and their mathematical properties;

3 identify and use common methods of proof and understand their foundations in the logical and axiomatic basis of modern mathematics;

4 state and apply properties of familiar number systems (N, Z, Z/nZ, Q, R, C) and the logical relationships between these properties;

5 recall key definitions, theorems and proofs in the theory of groups and vector spaces;

**Discipline Specific Skills and Knowledge:**

6 evaluate the importance of abstract algebraic structures in unifying and generalising disparate situations exhibiting similar mathematical properties;

7 explore open-ended problems independently and clearly state their findings with appropriate justification;

**Personal and Key Transferable/ Employment Skills and Knowledge:**

8 formulate and express precise and rigorous arguments, based on explicitly stated assumptions;

9 reason using abstract ideas and communicate reasoning effectively in writing;

10 use learning resources appropriately;

11 exhibit self-management and time management skills.

- Sets; relations; functions; countability; logic; proof;

- Primes; elementary number theory;

- Topology of the real and complex numbers; limits of sequences; power series; radius of convergence;

- Groups; examples; basic proofs; homomorphisms & isomorphisms;

- Vector spaces; linear independence; spanning; bases; linear maps; isomorphisms; n-dimensional spaces over C (resp. R) are isomorphic to C^n (resp. R^n).

Scheduled Learning & Teaching Activities | 76.00 | Guided Independent Study | 224.00 | Placement / Study Abroad |
---|

Category | Hours of study time | Description |

Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities | 66 | Lectures |

Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities | 10 | Tutorials |

Guided Independent Study | 224 | Reading lecture notes; working exercises |

Form of Assessment | Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) | ILOs Assessed | Feedback Method |
---|---|---|---|

Exercise Sheets | 10 x 10 hours | All | Tutorial; model answers provided on ELE and discussed in class |

Mid-Term Tests | 2 x 1 hour | All | Feedback on marked sheets, class feedback |

Coursework | 0 | Written Exams | 100 | Practical Exams | 0 |
---|

Form of Assessment | % of Credit | Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) | ILOs Assessed | Feedback Method |
---|---|---|---|---|

Written Exam A - Closed Book (Jan) | 50 | 2 hours | All | Via SRS |

Written Exam B - Closed Book (May) | 50 | 2 hours | All | Via SRS |

Original Form of Assessment | Form of Re-assessment | ILOs Re-assessed | Time Scale for Re-reassessment |
---|---|---|---|

Written Exam A - Closed Book | Ref/Def Exam A (50%, 2hr) | All | August Ref/Def Period |

Written Exam B - Closed Book | Written Exam B (50%, 2hr) | All | August Ref/Def Period |

In the case of module referral, the higher of the original assessment and the reassessment will be recorded for each component mark. In the case of module referral, the final mark for the module reassessment will be capped at 40%.

information that you are expected to consult. Further guidance will be provided by the Module Convener

**ELE –** http://vle.exeter.ac.uk

Reading list for this module:

Type | Author | Title | Edition | Publisher | Year | ISBN | Search |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Set | Liebeck, M. | A Concise Introduction to Pure Mathematics | 3rd | Chapman & Hall/CRC Press | 2010 | 978-1439835982 | [Library] |

Set | Allenby, R.B.J.T. | Numbers and Proofs | Arnold | 1997 | 000-0-340-67653-1 | [Library] | |

Set | Stewart, J. | Calculus | 5th | Brooks/Cole | 2003 | 000-0-534-27408-0 | [Library] |

Set | McGregor, C., Nimmo, J. & Stothers, W. | Fundamentals of University Mathematics | 2nd | Horwood, Chichester | 2000 | 000-1-898-56310-1 | [Library] |

Set | Allenby, R.B. | Linear Algebra, Modular Mathematics | Arnold | 1995 | 000-0-340-61044-1 | [Library] | |

Set | Hamilton, A.G. | Linear Algebra: An Introduction with Concurrent Examples | Cambridge University Press | 1989 | 000-0-521-32517-X | [Library] | |

Set | Jordan, C. and Jordan, D. A. | Groups | Arnold | 1994 | 0-340-61045-X | [Library] | |

Set | Houston, K. | How to Think Like a Mathematician: A Companion to Undergraduate Mathematics | 1st | Cambridge University Press | 2009 | 978-0521719780 | [Library] |

Set | Thomas, G., Weir, M., Hass, J. | Thomas' Calculus | 12th | Pearson | 2010 | 978-0321643636 | [Library] |

Set | Lipschutz, S., Lipson, M. | Schaum's Outlines: Linear Algebra | 4th | McGraw-Hill | 2008 | 978-0071543521 | [Library] |

CREDIT VALUE | 30 | ECTS VALUE | 15 |
---|---|---|---|

PRE-REQUISITE MODULES | None |
---|---|

CO-REQUISITE MODULES | None |

NQF LEVEL (FHEQ) | 4 | AVAILABLE AS DISTANCE LEARNING | No |
---|---|---|---|

ORIGIN DATE | Tuesday 10 July 2018 | LAST REVISION DATE | Thursday 14 November 2019 |

KEY WORDS SEARCH | Proof; Logic; Number Systems; Symmetries; Groups; Vectors; Matrices; Geometry; Linear Algebra |
---|