Geology

CSM1043 - Crystallography, Mineralogy and Gemstones (2019)

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MODULE TITLECrystallography, Mineralogy and Gemstones CREDIT VALUE15
MODULE CODECSM1043 MODULE CONVENERMs Aveen Hameed (Coordinator)
DURATION: TERM 1 2 3
DURATION: WEEKS 0 10 0
Number of Students Taking Module (anticipated) 40
DESCRIPTION - summary of the module content

Mineralogy is the study of Minerals, their chemical composition, internal crystal structure and physical properties. Minerals are the building blocks of the Earth, and are used to identify rocks and also to piece together the history and conditions of rock formation. This module forms one of the fundamentals of Geology, and having the skills to describe and identify minerals is an essential skill for all geologists, and you will use the skills you learn on this course throughout your geology degree.

There are no prerequisite courses, although it is helpful to have studied the introductory geology and chemistry modules. A background in science subjects is useful. The module is suitable for non-specialist students and interdisciplinary pathways.

 

AIMS - intentions of the module

This module aims to help you acquire knowledge of crystals and the common rock-forming minerals, and to gain experience in recognising minerals in hand specimen and thin section.

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES (ILOs) (see assessment section below for how ILOs will be assessed)

On successful completion of this module, you should be able to:

 

Module Specific Skills and Knowledge:

1.    Define what a mineral is, which crystal system it belong to and know the chemical formulas of the more common minerals;

2.    Understand the physical, chemical and optical properties of minerals;

3.    Be able to use a systematic method to identify an unknown mineral using basic principles;

4.    Describe, identify and classify some common minerals including: Quartz, Calcite, Muscovite, biotite, Feldspars, Pyrite, Arsenopyrite, pyroxenes, amphiboles, chlorite, olivine, Sphalerite, Pyrrhotite, Hematite, Magnetite, Cassiterite, Bornite, Galena, Chalcopyrite, Baryte, fluorite, Garnet, clays, gypsum, kyanite, andalusite, halite; you will also learn to identify some of the more common gemstones (Diamond, Beryl, Corundum, Topaz, Garnet).

5.    Define the factors controlling the formation and stability of common rock-forming minerals;

6.    Explain how minerals can be used to elucidate the story of how rocks formed: when, how and where

7.    Show a proficiency in identifying silicates using a petrological microscope;

8.    Exhibit an understanding of the basic theory of mineral optics using transmitted light;

9.    Display an understanding of basic principles of identification of minerals by EPMA and XRD.

 

Discipline Specific Skills and Knowledge:

10.  Identify common minerals;

11.  Use transmitted light microscopy to determine the basic optical properties of minerals;

12.  Calculate mineral formulae from chemical analyses.
 


Personal and Key Transferable/ Employment Skills and  Knowledge:

13.  Be able to use a systematic approach to mineral identification;

14.  Adopt good working practice when using microscopes and their accessories; 

15.  Demonstrate skills in researching a particular mineral topic;

16.  Show presentation skills in presenting a particular mineral topic.

 

SYLLABUS PLAN - summary of the structure and academic content of the module
  • Introduction to Mineralogy;
  • Mineral growth and crystal structure;
  • Physical properties of minerals;
  • Optical properties of minerals;
  • Silicates;
  • Carbonates;
  • Oxides;
  • Sulphides;
  • Gemstones.

 

LEARNING AND TEACHING
LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND TEACHING METHODS (given in hours of study time)
Scheduled Learning & Teaching Activities 37.00 Guided Independent Study 113.00 Placement / Study Abroad 0.00
DETAILS OF LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND TEACHING METHODS
Category Hours of study time Description
Scheduled learning and teaching activities 14 Lectures
Scheduled learning and teaching activities 30 Practicals
Guided independent study 106 Lecture and assessment preparation; private study

 

ASSESSMENT
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT - for feedback and development purposes; does not count towards module grade
Form of Assessment Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) ILOs Assessed Feedback Method
Comments on practical books   6, 7, 9, 12 Comments on practical books
       
       
       
       

 

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT (% of credit)
Coursework 10 Written Exams 60 Practical Exams 30
DETAILS OF SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT
Form of Assessment % of Credit Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) ILOs Assessed Feedback Method
Examination 60 1.5 hours 1-12 Tutor meeting
Assessed practical 30 2.5 hours 1-5, 13-14 Feedback on mark sheets
Group assignment 10 Variable timings 1-12 Feedback on mark sheets

 

DETAILS OF RE-ASSESSMENT (where required by referral or deferral)
Original Form of Assessment Form of Re-assessment ILOs Re-assessed Time Scale for Re-reassessment
Summative assessment Additional assessment All August Ref/Def period
Examination Additional examination All August Ref/Def period

 

RE-ASSESSMENT NOTES

As above, 60% exam, 30% assessed practical, 10% assignment.

RESOURCES
INDICATIVE LEARNING RESOURCES - The following list is offered as an indication of the type & level of
information that you are expected to consult. Further guidance will be provided by the Module Convener

Basic reading:                                                                                                                                       

ELE – http://vle.exeter.ac.uk/

 

Web based and electronic resources:

mindat.org

https://www.virtualmicroscope.org/content/uk-virtual-microscope

                                                                 

Reading list for this module:

Type Author Title Edition Publisher Year ISBN Search
Set Gribble, C.D. & Hall, A.J. Optical mineralogy: Principles and practice UCL Press 1992 [Library]
CREDIT VALUE 15 ECTS VALUE 7.5
PRE-REQUISITE MODULES None
CO-REQUISITE MODULES None
NQF LEVEL (FHEQ) 4 AVAILABLE AS DISTANCE LEARNING No
ORIGIN DATE Thursday 06 July 2017 LAST REVISION DATE Tuesday 11 June 2019
KEY WORDS SEARCH Mineral; optical; microscopy; crystallography; rock.