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ECM3150 - Electromagnetics and Wave Propagation (2019)

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MODULE TITLEElectromagnetics and Wave Propagation CREDIT VALUE15
MODULE CODEECM3150 MODULE CONVENERDr Anna Baldycheva (Coordinator)
DURATION: WEEKS 11 weeks 0 0
Number of Students Taking Module (anticipated) 16
DESCRIPTION - summary of the module content

A fundamental knowledge of electomagnetics is critical when pursuing a career in electronic engineering - if, for instance, you are designing an antenna. Beginning with the physical exploration of electromagnetics, you will study the origins of electric and magnetic fields, looking at the historical impact and application of electromagnetism. Furthermore, you will investigate electrostatics and the electric field as well as magnetic forces and magnetostatics, applying this knowledge to real world engineering problems; exploring theories, such as Maxwell's equations, you will develop essential problem-solving tools. Meanwhile, studying communication systems, you will consider elements such as the transmission of mobile phone signals and how radio works, incorporating Hertz's first measurement of radio waves. Case studies will challenge you to examine electrical disturbances travelling in transmission lines and the aspects of antenna design by looking at electricity lines to design and measure, for example, what kind of strength and thickness is needed.


AIMS - intentions of the module

The aim of this module is to introduce you to the fundamental principles of electromagnetics, and to teach you how to apply theory to areas of technological importance, including field computation and communication systems. At the end of this module, you will understand the basic principles of electromagnetics, and have a solid foundation in tackling most electronic engineering problems.


INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES (ILOs) (see assessment section below for how ILOs will be assessed)

This is a constituent module of one or more degree programmes which are accredited by a professional engineering institution under licence from the Engineering Council. The learning outcomes for this module have been mapped to the output standards required for an accredited programme, as listed in the current version of the Engineering Council’s ‘Accreditation of Higher Education Programmes’ document (AHEP-V3).

This module contributes to learning outcomes: SM1p, SM1m, SM2p, SM2m, SM5m, EA1p, EA1m, EA5m, D2p, D2m, EP2P, EP2m, G1p-G3p, G1m-G3m

A full list of the referenced outcomes is provided online:

The AHEP document can be viewed in full on the Engineering Council’s website, at

On successful completion of this module, you should be able to:

Module Specific Skills and Knowledge: SM1p, SM1m, SM2p, SM2m, EA1p, EA1m, EA5m, D2p, D2m, EP2p, EP2m
1 describe the physical origins of electric and magnetic fields, the relationships between charge, current and fields in terms of Gauss's law, Ampere's law and Faraday's law and field relationships in dielectric and magnetic materials;

2 explain the relationship with capacitance and inductance, the mathematical form of a 1-D travelling wave and the significance of the 3-D wave equation, the form of electrical disturbances travelling in transmission lines, and the important aspects of antenna design;

3 apply  knowledge about 1 and 2 to the solution of 'real-world' engineering problems.

Discipline Specific Skills and Knowledge: SM5m

4 use mathematical software (Matlab) to model (electromagnetic) phenomena and systems.

Personal and Key Transferable/ Employment Skills and  Knowledge: G1p-G3p, G1m-G3m

5 monitor your own progress through tutor-marked assignments (TMA) and self-assessment questions (SAQ);

6 assess the effectiveness of your learning strategies, including time management, and modify appropriately;

7 use a variety of information sources to understand and supplement lecture material.


SYLLABUS PLAN - summary of the structure and academic content of the module

- hWeek 1: Historical Perspective of Electromagnetism, The Nature of Electromagnetism, Travelling Waves

Week 2: Transmission Lines: Lumped Element Model, Wave propagation in a Transmission Line, Lossless Transmission Line, Impedance.

Week 3: Electrostatics: Coloumb's law, Gauss's Law; Electric Boundary Conditions; Resistive and Capacitive Sensors.

Week 4: Magnetostatics: Magnetic Forces and Torques; the Biot-Savart Law; Gauss's Law for Magnetism; Ampere's Law; Magnetic materials; Inductive Sensors and Electromagents.

Week 5: Maxwell equations for Time-Varying Fields: Faraday's Law; the Electromagentic Generator; EMF Sensors; Displacement Current; Electromagnetic Potentials;

Week 6: Plane Wave Propagation: Wave Equation; Uniform Plane waves; RFID Systems; Wave POlarizarion; LCD; Electromagentic Power Density.

Week 7: Wave Reflection and Transmission: Snell's Law; Brewster Angle; Reflectivity and Transmissivity; Bar code readers; Waveguides; Resonators.

Week 8:  Radiation and Antennas: the Hertzian Dipole; Antenna Radiation Characteristics; Half-wave dipole Antenna; Friis Transmission Formula; Antenna Arrays. 

Week 9: Satellite Communication Systems and Radar Sensors: Satellite Communication Systems;Communication link power budget; Radar Sensors; Antenna Beams.

Week 10: Optical Fibre Communications: Fibre Optic Transmission Systems; Dispersion in Optical Fibres; Optical Fibre Losses; Modes and Wave Equation.

Week 11: Silicon Photonics and Flexible Opto-electronics: Introduction to Electronic-Photonic Integrated Circuits; Dielectric Waveguides; on-chip Resonators and Mach-Zender Interferometers for signal processing; Wearable  Sensors and Optical Wireless Communication Systems on flexible platform. 

Scheduled Learning & Teaching Activities 25.00 Guided Independent Study 125.00 Placement / Study Abroad
Category Hours of study time Description
Scheduled learning and teaching activities 22 Lectures
Scheduled learning and teaching activities 20 Tutorials
Guided independent study 108 Preparation for scheduled sessions, follow-up work, wider reading or practice, completion of assessment tasks, revision


FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT - for feedback and development purposes; does not count towards module grade
Form of Assessment Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) ILOs Assessed Feedback Method
Self assessment questions (lecture notes on ELE) Variable 1,2,3 Written (solution) and verbal


Coursework 30 Written Exams 70 Practical Exams
Form of Assessment % of Credit Size of Assessment (e.g. duration/length) ILOs Assessed Feedback Method
Written exam – closed book 70 2 hours - January Exam All Exam mark
TMA1 – Transmission Lines and  Electrostatics Assignment  10 6 hours 1,2 On BART sheet, written and verbal (in tutorials), example solution sheet (on ELE)
TMA2 – Magnetostatics Assignment and MATLAB simulation/design study 10 6 hours 1,2 On BART sheet, written and verbal (in tutorials), example solution sheet (on ELE)
TMA3 – Electrodynamics Assignment and MATLAB simulation/design study 10 6 hours 3 On BART sheet, written and verbal (in tutorials), example solution sheet (on ELE)


DETAILS OF RE-ASSESSMENT (where required by referral or deferral)
Original Form of Assessment Form of Re-assessment ILOs Re-assessed Time Scale for Re-reassessment
All above Written exam (100%) All August Ref/Def period



If a module is normally assessed entirely by coursework, all referred/deferred assessments will normally be by assignment.

If a module is normally assessed by examination or examination plus coursework, referred and deferred assessment will normally be by examination. For referrals, only the examination will count, a mark of 40% being awarded if the examination is passed. For deferrals, candidates will be awarded the higher of the deferred examination mark or the deferred examination mark combined with the original coursework mark.

INDICATIVE LEARNING RESOURCES - The following list is offered as an indication of the type & level of
information that you are expected to consult. Further guidance will be provided by the Module Convener



Reading list for this module:

Type Author Title Edition Publisher Year ISBN Search
Set Fawwaz T. Ulaby, Eric Michielssen, Umberto Ravaioli Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics 6th Prentice Hall 2010 978-0-13-213931-1 [Library]
Set Popovic, Z and Popovic, B Introductory Electromagnetics Prentice Hall 1999 000-0-201-32678-7 [Library]
Set Jin Au Kong Electromagnetic Wave Theory EMW Publishing 2000 978-0966814392 [Library]
ORIGIN DATE Thursday 06 July 2017 LAST REVISION DATE Wednesday 19 December 2018
KEY WORDS SEARCH Electromagnetic; wave propagation; antenna design.